Our senses are normally thought to include hearing, sight, touch, smell and taste. Sensory integration specialists include three more, being vestibular (balance) proprioception (position and movement of the joints) and interoception (the sense of the internal organs.)
Our senses bring us information about our world. They are the way we orient ourselves, understand movement, space and events, and are able to learn, develop and interact.
The sensory pathways can also be used to stimulate the brain and improve our perception and knowledge.
When information enters the brain there are many billions of stimuli each second, way too much for us to interpret. Our brain learns to inhibit some signals and pay attention to others sot eh world makes sense. We also learn to integrate and combine signals from our various senses to interpret what is happening in our world.
Sensory integration dysfunction
When a child has difficulty processing information fast enough and knowing which stimuli to attend to and how they combine together, the world can be confusing and frightening. Such children will have trouble interpreting sights, sounds, sensation of touch and movement in the normal way. This can result in coordination problems, over sensitivity to touch or sound or light, and resulting learning and adjustment problems.
Sound Therapy and sensory integration
Sound Therapy is a very effective and important treatment for improving sensory integration. The stimulation received by the special algorithms in the Sound Therapy music helps the various sensory pathways to develop normally. Not only does it assist the senses of hearing and balance, but it helps to build the brain pathways which link to other sensory systems.
Early intervention is important to assist the child’s developmental building blocks without delay. Educators find that when Sound Therapy is used, it helps all the other interventions or therapies work better.
For a complete discussion of Sound Therapy and sensory integration refer to Rafaele Joudry’s book Why Aren’t I Learning? Chapter 6 “We move with our ears.”